All plants are genetically identical, which prevents evolution of disease resistance. Bananas and plantains come from plants in the genus Musa, which is native to Southeast Asia. This property is attributed to the degradation of chlorophyll leading to the accumulation of a fluorescent product in the skin of the fruit. Many of these cultivars were given names that were later discovered to be synonyms. The confusion over the plantains food-type status likely comes from the fact that it is traditionally used more like a vegetable, as a side dish or accompaniment, and it needs to be cooked before consumption. In Tamil Nadu (India), dried banana leaves are used as to pack food and to make cups to hold liquid food items. Despite this, the original names are still recognized by some authorities, leading to confusion. [94], According to current sources, a deadly form of Panama disease is infecting Cavendish. [103], Given the narrow range of genetic diversity present in bananas and the many threats via biotic (pests and diseases) and abiotic (such as drought) stress, conservation of the full spectrum of banana genetic resources is ongoing. [9] Plants are normally tall and fairly sturdy, and are often mistaken for trees, but what appears to be a trunk is actually a "false stem" or pseudostem. In addition, bananas and their crop wild relatives are conserved in situ (in wild natural habitats where they evolved and continue to do so). From New Guinea, cultivated bananas spread westward into Island Southeast Asia through proximity (not migrations). The primary component of the aroma of fresh bananas is isoamyl acetate (also known as banana oil), which, along with several other compounds such as butyl acetate and isobutyl acetate, is a significant contributor to banana flavor. This has elicited the expression Banana Pancake Trail for those places in Asia that cater to these travelers. The fruitful things that grow on these plants are always fruit. This is because the radiation exposure from consuming one banana is only 1% of the average daily exposure to radiation, 50 times less than a typical dental x-ray and 400 times less than taking a commercial flight across the United States. in the family Musaceae. [31], The classification of cultivated bananas has long been a problematic issue for taxonomists. I love bananas, but I don’t really care what they are. (2012). So a banana “tree” is not technically a woody tree. Thus the banana producer and distributor Chiquita produces publicity material for the American market which says that "a plantain is not a banana". Banana plants are herbaceous and therefore classified as herbs; while apple, peach, and cherry trees are woody-stemmed and classified as trees. The greener, less ripe bananas contain higher levels of starch and, consequently, have a "starchier" taste. [27], The word banana is thought to be of West African origin, possibly from the Wolof word banaana, and passed into English via Spanish or Portuguese.[28]. Wrap it tightly in … The fungus has shown ever-increasing resistance to treatment, with the current expense for treating 1 hectare (2.5 acres) exceeding $1,000 per year. Bananas and plantains are important for global food security. Banana trees grow from an underground root system called a corm, which can last for many years. In addition to the expense, there is the question of how long intensive spraying can be environmentally justified. [48][49][50], These ancient introductions resulted in the banana subgroup now known as the "true" plantains, which include the East African Highland bananas and the Pacific plantains (the Iholena and Maoli-Popo'ulu subgroups). [12][13] Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) long and 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. The category a fruit falls … North American shippers like Lorenzo Dow Baker and Andrew Preston, the founders of the Boston Fruit Company started this process in the 1870s, but railroad builders like Minor C. Keith also participated, eventually culminating in the multi-national giant corporations like today's Chiquita Brands International and Dole. A study of these cultivars showed that they could be placed into at least three groups based on their characteristics: dessert bananas, non-plantain cooking bananas, and plantains, although there were overlaps between dessert and cooking bananas. Banana chips are a snack produced from sliced dehydrated or fried banana or plantain, which have a dark brown color and an intense banana taste. Bananas spread westward into Island Southeast Asia remains the region of primary diversity the. By the retailer `` ungassed '' ( i.e at Wikipedia any generally sweet plant parts are fruits too, definition. 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